Asthma is a lung condition that causes the airways to constrict and restrict airflow to the lungs. Asthma is the most common chronic illness in children, but it can also affect adults, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). If your child has been diagnosed with asthma, there are a number of treatment options available to help manage symptoms and asthma attacks.
The pediatricians at Johnson County Pediatrics conduct breathing and allergy tests to help determine whether your child's symptoms are caused by asthma.
Asthma Diagnosis and Treatment
More than 18 million people in the United States suffer from asthma, according to the CDC. Asthma causes inflammation (swelling) and mucus buildup in the airways that carry oxygen to the lungs, making it difficult to breathe and can result in an asthma attack. There are a number of risk factors and causes of asthma, and attacks are usually brought on by specific triggers that vary from person to person.
Asthma Symptoms Parents Should Look Out For
Some of the most common symptoms in children include:
- Coughing fits that are not caused by cold or flu (or that are aggravated by a cold or flu)
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain and congestion
- Trouble sleeping and participating in sports or regular physical activity
Anyone can develop asthma, but some of the most common risk factors and triggers include:
- Family history and genetics
- Respiratory infections at a young age
- Air pollution
- Environmental allergens such as dust, mold, or pet dander
- Exposure to cigarette smoke
- Being overweight or obese
- Poor or limited physical activity
Asthma treatment varies depending on the severity of symptoms. Pediatricians may prescribe inhalers, medication, and lifestyle modifications to treat allergies and help to avoid triggers.
For more information about childhood asthma and allergies, contact Johnson County Pediatrics at (913) 384-5500 to schedule an appointment with a pediatrician today.